Dating courtship violence
It is frequently the case that two or more types of abuse are present in the same relationship.
Emotional abuse often precedes, occurs with, and/or follows physical or sexual abuse in relationships (Koss et al., 1994; Stets, 1991; Tolman, 1992; Walker, 1984).
Abuse can occur regardless of the couple's age, race, income, or other demographic traits.
There are, however, many traits that abusers and victims share in common.
This study used a modified version of the Conflict Tactic Scale (Straus, 1990) to measure the expression of verbal and physical aggression among 572 college students (395 females and 177 males) involved in dating relationships over the previous year.
Results indicated that 82% ( = 116) admitted to acting in a physically aggressive manner over the same interval.
Society generally views dating as carefree, romantic, and trouble free, yet this is far from the truth. In addition, females who were physically abused by a date during adolescence were more likely to experience dating violence during their freshman year in college. Adolescent girls who disclosed being physically or sexually abused by a boyfriend were twice as likely to smoke, drink, use illegal drugs, and engage in behavior indicative of an eating disorder (e.g., binging and purging).
There are several types of abuse that occur in intimate romantic relationships.A subset of participants also responded to a questionnaire assessing “Signs to Look for in a Battering Personality” (Ryan, 1995).Results showed a significant association between physical and sexual aggression in men and women.The relationship between physical and sexual aggression in college students was explored in the current study.
Participants were 245 males and 411 females recruited from a 2-year or 4-year college. All of them responded to a measure of physical aggression (The Conflict Tactics Scale; Straus, 1979) and sexual aggression (the Sexual Experiences Survey; Koss et al., 1987).No significant gender-based difference was found for verbal aggression scores; however, females were significantly more likely to report using physical force than were male students.